Flat feet


  • is a postural deformity in which the arches of thefeet collapse, with the entire sole of the foot coming into complete or near-complete contact with the ground.
  • Flat feet can affect the alignment of the body when a person is standing, walking, or running. As a result, they can increase the likelihood of paindeveloping in the hips, knees, ankles and back.



  • Pain, tenderness or cramping in the foot, leg and knee and back.
  • Outward tilting of the heel.
  • Awkwardness or changes in walking.
  • Difficulty with shoes.
  • Reduced energy when participating in physical activities.
  • Voluntary withdrawal from physical activities.



How do hips affect foot position?!


  • The muscles of the hip depict the position of the thigh bone (femur). The gluteus maximus muscle is the main mover of the hip. This along with the other hip muscles are responsible for hip abduction and external rotation.
  • If these muscles are weak, they fail to keep the femur in the correct position and alter the angle of the knee.

when the glute muscles are weak, the femur rotates inwards causing knee valgus (inward alignment of the knees). This causes the angle lower leg bones to alter and in turn overpronating the foot. This causes the arch of the foot to flatten, causing the “flat foot”




stretching the muscles and connective tissues in your lower legs to help stop your foot rolling over.

Strengthening exercises foot and leg muscles

wearing specially made insoles (orthotics) inside your shoes to support your feet and stop them rolling inwards



Samples of flat feet exercises:


If you have flat feet dont hesitate to meet our physiotherapists for assessing your child and setting the suitable treatment protocol